Suction Machine / Aspirator

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SUCTION MACHINE / ASPIRATOR
Operating Safety Instructions

  • Gather Equipment:
    • Suction unit / Aspirator with pressure regulator knob and pressure gauge;
    • Collection Bottle with short tubing and bacteria filter;
    • Patient Connecting Tubing;
    • Suction instruments:
      • Yankauer (oral) suction device, vented or un-vented, or
      • Catheter (for tracheal suctioning);
    • Small container of water to clear secretions.
  • Place suction unit / aspirator on a flat surface near the patient.
  • Connect short tubing from suction unit / aspirator fitting to the port on the Collection Bottle labeled “SUCTION” or “VACUUM.”
  • Connect Patient Connecting Tubing to the port on the Collection Bottle labeled “PATIENT.”
  • Connect other end of Patient Connecting Tubing to appropriate suction instrument.
  • Plug suction unit / aspirator power cord into appropriate electrical outlet (UNGROUNDED outlets may require GROUNDING ADAPTER).
  • Turn on power switch.
  • Crimp (kink) Patient Connecting Tubing while reading suction pressure on the pressure gauge.
  • Turn pressure regulator knob to adjust suction pressure to read:
    • > 100 to 120 cmH2O for ADULTS
    • > 80 to 100 cmH2O for CHILDREN
    • > 60 to 80 cmH2O for INFANTS
  • Un-crimp Patient Connecting Tubing.

IF NO SUCTION, CHECK FOR ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:

  • Canister top not on tight or port left unplugged;
  • Tubing connections not tight;
  • Suction pressure adjusted too low;
  • Vent hole on suction instrument not covered;
  • Canister too full;
  • Tubing and/or suction instrument clogged.